Argentina | Guernica 37
Longstanding human rights concerns in Argentina include police abuse, poor prison conditions, and endemic violence against women. Restrictions on abortion and difficulty accessing reproductive services remain serious concerns, as are impunity for the 1994 bombing of the AMIA Jewish centre in Buenos Aires and delays in appointing permanent judges. Argentina continues to make significant progress protecting lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) rights and prosecuting officials for abuses committed during the country’s last military dictatorship (1976 – 1983), although trials have been delayed. In October 2019, Alberto Fernandez was elected president of Argentina. He took office in December 2019.
Members of Guernica 37 collaborated on the second extradition of Guillermo Suárez Mason to Buenos Aires, where he was prosecuted for 635 crimes against humanity, namely crimes of torture, murder, enforced disappearance.
In the same jurisdiction, Guernica 37 prepared the trial against Adolfo Scilingo. The former Navy Pilot was convicted by the Spanish court in Madrid of crimes committed, during Argentina’s dictatorship of Jorge Rafael Videla (1976-1983) – the so-called “death flights”, by the Escuela de Mecánica de la Armada.
It was the first case in which crimes against humanity allegedly committed in another country were tried in Spain under the principle of Universal Jurisdiction.
Death flight pilot with 1084-year jail sentence spotted in streets of Madrid
Spanish Supreme Court Affirms Conviction of Argentine Former Naval Officer for Crimes Against Humanity
Trial of Carlos Guillermo Suarez Mason